Unless you’re a barista, you may not know what a ristretto is. In short, it’s a concentrated variation of espresso. We will outline how espresso is made and then explain the difference between an espresso and a ristretto. After learning the differences, you might be surprised at how much you want to try a ristretto!
Want to know more about the types of espresso drinks? Take a look at our guide!
Let’s start with the basics. A shot of espresso consists of about 1-3 oz of a concentrated coffee with an intense flavor. To pull shots of espresso, the machine forces hot, pressurized water through tamped (packed) grounds. This extracts the bold flavors that make espresso so distinctive. The extraction takes between 20-30 seconds depending on the settings and calibrations of the machine used. Many customers order a double, also called a doppio, and some even order triple shots of espresso.
There are three parts in a shot of espresso; the darker “body” at the bottom, the lighter “heart” in the middle, and the light “crema” on top. The air bubbles in the crema give espresso its signature aroma and aftertaste. Espresso may be served black or with sugar.
A ristretto is pulled from an espresso machine using the same process. The difference is that it is for a shorter amount of time and with half the water, resulting in a very concentrated shot of espresso. The variation in water and extraction time create three differences between ristretto and regular espresso: quantity, taste, and caffeine level.
Since a ristretto shot is made with half the water, the end result is a smaller shot. A regular shot of espresso is about 1 oz, while a ristretto shot is .75 oz.
A ristretto shot will have less extraction time and therefore produces a more concentrated, bolder flavor. It also has a sweeter finish than espresso.
3. Caffeine Level
Less extraction means less caffeine. Even though it is a small difference, a ristretto shot has a little bit less caffeine than a regular shot of espresso.
This is actually a fairly common order at coffee shops for people that love espresso. The main appeal of it comes from the difference in flavor. Avid ristretto drinkers love the deeper flavor and somewhat sweeter finish it has. Some coffee shops love ristretto so much they put it default in some of their espresso drink on their menu. Starbucks, for example, serves flat whites with with ristretto shots. Next time you visit your local shop, ask for a ristretto shot and see what you think!
Here are some other types of coffees we’ve compared: