If you are interested in roasting your own coffee beans, you’re dedicated to coffee, and you probably also have a bunch of questions on how to do this yourself. Roasting your own coffee beans can sound daunting, but it’s actually easier than you might think. There are three ways for you to roast your own coffee beans at home: in a pan on the stove, in the oven, and in a popcorn popper. We are going to introduce these methods to you, along with all the steps to roast beans using those methods.
Note: You can perform these methods with inexpensive gear found in your home. However, you could also always buy a dedicated coffee roaster machine.
Before you start your home roasting adventure, there’s some coffee knowledge you need. These five bits of information will help you understand what you’re about to do. Then we will get into the detailed how-to’s.
This method is comfortable because you are used to using a pan to cook meals. However, it can be challenging to do it just right. You might not have a consistent roast the first few times you go through the process. Don’t worry, though, we are here to guide you. The actual roasting will take five to 10 minutes, depending on how much you want your beans roasted. Here are the items you need and the steps to roast coffee beans in a pan. We also added some tips.
Things You’ll Need:
Tip: Using a cast-iron pan will generate heat faster and hold it longer to help reach the right temperatures.
This method is just as easy as the stove top method if you have a cookie sheet or another tray with edges that can go in the oven. A plus side to this method is that it gets even roasting results. It only takes between five to 10 minutes to roast the beans using an oven.
Things You’ll Need:
A popcorn popper can actually be very useful for roasting. This method also takes five to 10 minutes. However, not all popcorn poppers can handle the task. There are some hazards to make sure you avoid first. We have listed the things to watch out for before you roast this way.
Vintage is better! Try to use an older popcorn popper. Surprisingly, the older models work better for roasting coffee, because they get hot enough while most of the newer models don’t. If you just happen to have an antique popcorn popper that’s functional, then you’re in luck. If you don’t have one, but still want to try roasting coffee with one, we suggest looking at secondhand stores and garage sales. If you are adamant about using a new model, choose from brands like West Bend and Kitchen Gourmet.
Make sure your popcorn popper has good ventilation. It needs air vents along the inside wall of the roasting chamber in order to ventilate properly. If it doesn’t already have a vent, you can always modify it to make one. Or just save yourself the hassle and roast with one of the other two methods.
You don’t want a mesh screen on the bottom of the roasting chamber. It has a tendency to catch fire. If your popper has one, just remove it or modify it to make it safer to use for roasting. Now we can move on to the supplies and steps, so you can try this yourself!
Things You’ll Need:
Tip: Don’t leave your beans unattended in the popcorn maker. This is a method you want to keep your eyes on.
Tip: Make sure you clean any chaff out of your popcorn popper before turning it on again. It’s dry plant material and can catch fire.
If you are roasting beans yourself at home, you have to know about de-gassing. It is necessary in order to have the best flavors when you roast. Otherwise, the coffee won’t taste fantastic and you’ll think it’s all your fault when it isn’t.
First, let us explain what de-gassing is. During the roasting process, gasses form inside the coffee beans. After roasting completes, the gases, mostly carbon dioxide, start seeping out. Most of the carbon dioxide will leave the beans within the first 24 hours that they de-gas.
What’s the best way to de-gas? Just place your beans in the storage container you plan to use, but keep the lid off or slightly open for the gases to escape. De-gassing is necessary after roasting for at least a few hours and up to 24 hours as mentioned. After that point, you’ll want to start protecting the beans from oxygen, which can cause them to start going stale.
Roasting your own coffee at home is truly a special skill that, according to those who do it, can quickly become an addiction. Most people can’t go back to store-bought beans after roasting their own. After getting the initial process down, it’s easy and the coffee tastes fresh and flavorful. We have shown you three different ways you can roast your own coffee at home, along with all the information you need to do it right. Try one of our methods out and see for yourself why so many coffee lovers have started roasting their own coffee.
While it’s a fun activity, many asked us if it’s really worth the time and effort. We reflected on this and ended up writing the blog post found here.
Header image credit: Wikimedia
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